July 31 in History
What happened on July 31 in history?
A chronological timetable of historical events that occurred on july 31 in history. Historical facts of the day in the areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts, entertainment and more. Discover what happened on july 31 in history.
The British Army’s longest continual operation, Operation Banner (1969-2007), ends as British troops withdraw from Northern Ireland.
Fidel Castro temporarily hands over power to his brother Raul Castro.
NASA purposely crashes its Discovery Program’s Lunar Prospector into the moon, ending the agency’s mission to detect frozen water on Earth’s moon.
The US and the USSR sign a long-range nuclear weapons reduction pact.
Bosnia-Herzegovina declares independence from Yugoslavia.
Bridge collapse at Sultan Abdul Halim ferry terminal in Butterworth, Malaysia, kills 32 and injures more than 1,600.
An F4 tornado in Edmonton, Alberta kills 27 and causes $330 million in damages; the day is remembered as “Black Friday.”
Apollo 15 astronauts take a drive on the moon in their land rover.
Federation of Malaysia formally proposed.
The Soviet army takes Kovno, the capital of Lithuania.
Adolf Hitler‘s Nationalist Socialist German Workers’ Party (Nazis) doubles its strength in legislative elections.
The third Battle of Ypres commences as the British attack the German lines.
The Trans-Siberian railroad connecting the Ural mountains with Russia’s Pacific coast, is completed.
Great Britain declares territories in Southern Africa up to the Congo to be within its sphere of influence.
Belle and Sam Starr are charged with horse stealing in the Indian territory.
Former president Andrew Johnson dies at the age of 66.
The U.S. Patent Office opens.
Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick, drives the French army back to the Rhine River.
English novelist Daniel Defoe is made to stand in the pillory as punishment for offending the government and church with his satire The Shortest Way With Dissenters.