Monday, October 3, 2022 (Week 40)

October 1 in History

What happened on October 1 in history?

A chronological timetable of historical events that occurred on october 1 in history. Historical facts of the day in the areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts, entertainment and more. Discover what happened on october 1 in history.

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2009
The Supreme Court of the United Kingdom takes over judicial functions of the House of Lords.
1991
The Siege of Dubrovnik begins in the Croatian War of Independence.
1989
Denmark introduces the world’s first “civil union” law granting same-sex couples certain legal rights and responsibilities but stopping short of recognizing same-sex marriages.
1982
The first compact disc player is released by Sony.
1979
The US returns sovereignty of the Panama Canal to Panama.
1975
A legendary boxing match takes place where Muhammad Ali defeats Joe Frazier in the “Thrilla in Manila.”
1974
Five Nixon aides–Kenneth Parkinson, Robert Mardian, Nixon’s Chief of Staff H.R. Haldeman, John Ehrlichman, and U.S. Attorney General John Mitchell–go on trial for conspiring to hinder the Watergate investigation.
1971
Walt Disney World opens near Orlando, Florida, the second of Disney’s “Magic Kingdoms.”
1971
The first CT or CAT brain scan is performed at Atkinson Morley Hospital in Wimbledon, London.
1964
The first Free Speech Movement protest erupts spontaneously on the University of California, Berkeley campus; students demanded an end to the ban of on-campus political activities.
1964
Japanese “bullet trains” (Shinkansen) begin high-speed rail transit between Tokyo and Osaka.
1962
The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson debuts; Carson will remain The Tonight Show host until 1992.
1961
The Federal Republic of Cameroon is formed by the merger of East and West Cameroon.
1960
Nigeria becomes independent from the UK.
1958
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) replaces the 43-year-old National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) in the US.
1957
“In God We Trust” appears on US paper currency as an act to distinguish the US from the officially atheist USSR; the motto had appeared on coins at various times since 1864.
1949
Mao Zedong establishes the People’s Republic of China.
1947
First flight of F-86 Sabre jet fighter, which would win fame in the Korean War.
1946
Eleven Nazi war criminals are sentenced to be hanged at Nuremberg trials—Hermann Goring, Alfred Jodl, Hans Frank, Wilhelm Frick, Ernst Kaltenbrunner, Wilhelm Keitel, Joachim von Ribbentrop, Fritz Sauckel, Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Julius Streicher, and Alfred Rosenberg.
1944
The U.S. First Army begins the siege Aachen, Germany.
1943
British troops in Italy enter Naples and occupy Foggia airfield.
1942
The German Army grinds to a complete halt within the city of Stalingrad.
1908
The Ford Model T, the first car for millions of Americans, hits the market. Over 15 million Model Ts are eventually sold, all of them black.
1890
Yosemite National Park is dedicated in California.
1878
General Lew Wallace is sworn in as governor of New Mexico Territory. He goes on to deal with the Lincoln County War, Billy the Kid and write Ben-Hur. His Civil War heroics earned him the moniker Savior of Cincinnati.
1864
The Condor, a British blockade-runner, is grounded near Fort Fisher, North Carolina.
1856
The first installment of Gustave Flaubert’s novel Madame Bovary appears in the Revue de Paris after the publisher refuses to print a passage in which the character Emma has a tryst in the back seat of a carriage.
1847
Maria Mitchell, an American astronomer, discovers a comet and is elected the same day to the American Academy of Arts—the first woman to be so honored. The King of Denmark will award her a gold medal for her discovery.
1839
The British government decides to send a punitive naval expedition to China.
1791
In Paris, the National Legislative Assembly holds its first meeting.
1588
The feeble Sultan Mohammed Shah of Persia, hands over power to his 17-year old son Abbas.
1273
Rudolf of Habsburg is elected emperor in Germany.