Saturday, December 2, 2023 (Week 48)

October 11 in History

What happened on October 11 in history?

A chronological timetable of historical events that occurred on october 11 in history. Historical facts of the day in the areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts, entertainment and more. Discover what happened on october 11 in history.

The Polaroid Corporation, which had provided shutterbugs with photo prints in minutes with its “instant cameras” since 1947, files for bankruptcy.
NASA launches its 100th Space Shuttle mission.
Confirmation hearings for Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas begin.
Operation Pawan by Indian Peace Keeping Force begins in Sri Lanka; thousands of Tamil citizens, along with hundreds of Tamil Tigers militants and Indian Army soldiers will die in the operation.
Astronaut Kathryn D. Sullivan, part of the crew of Space Shuttle Challenger, becomes the first American woman to walk in space.
The so-called “Gang of Four,” Chairman Mao Tse-tung’s widow and three associates, are arrested in Peking, setting in motion an extended period of turmoil in the Chinese Communist Party.
Saturday Night Live comedy-variety show premiers on NBC, with guest host comedian George Carlin and special guests Janis Ian, Andy Kaufman and Billy Preston; at this writing (2016) the show is still running.
A French mission in Vietnam is destroyed by a U.S. bombing raid.
Race riot breaks out aboard carrier USS Kitty Hawk off Vietnam during Operation Linebacker.
Apollo 7, with three men aboard, is successfully launched from Cape Kennedy.
Pope John XXIII opens the 21st Ecumenical Council (Vatican II) with a call for Christian unity. This is the largest gathering of the Roman Catholic hierarchy in history; among delegate-observers are representatives of major Protestant denominations, in itself a sign of sweeping change.
The Federal Communications Commission authorizes the Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS) to begin commercial color TV broadcasts.
Negotiations between Nationalist leader Chiang Kai-shek and Communist leader Mao Tse-tung break down. Nationalist and Communist troops are soon engaged in a civil war.
In the Battle of Cape Esperance, near the Solomon Islands, U.S. cruisers and destroyers decisively defeat a Japanese task force in a night surface encounter.
The San Francisco school board orders the segregation of Oriental schoolchildren, inciting Japanese outrage.
South African Boers, settler from the Netherlands, declare war on Great Britain.
Outlaw Wild Bill Longley, who killed at least a dozen men, is hanged, but it takes two tries; on the first try, the rope slipps and his knees drug the ground.
The Confederate Congress in Richmond passes a draft law allowing anyone owning 20 or more slaves to be exempt from military service. This law confirms many southerners opinion that they are in a ‘rich man’s war and a poor man’s fight.’
In gratitude for putting down a rebellion in the streets of Paris, France’s National Convention appoints Napoleon Bonaparte second in command of the Army of the Interior.
George II of England is crowned.
Charles V of Milan puts his son Philip in control.
The Catholics defeat the Protestants at Kappel during Switzerland’s second civil war.